Pronunciation symbols

The tables below show the pronunciation symbols used in the Oxford Advanced Learner’s Dictionary (IPA) as well as equivalent traditional symbols (Ox), which may still be more familiar to some.

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Consonants

IPA Ox Word IPA Ox
p p plosive ˈpləʊsɪv plō´sĭv
b b bilabial ˌbaɪˈleɪbɪəl bīlā´bĭal
t t triphthong ˈtrɪfθɒŋ trĭ´fthŏng
d d digraph ˈdaɪgrɑːf dī´grahf
k k comma ˈkɒmə kŏ´ma
g g glottal ˈglɒtl glŏ´tal
ʧ ch chapter ˈʧæptəʳ chă´pter
ʤ j widget ˈwɪʤɪt wĭ´jĭt
f f phoneme ˈfəʊniːm fō´nēm
v v vowel ˈvaʊəl vow´el
θ th thesaurus θɪˈsɔːrəs thĭsawr´us
ð dh feather ˈfeðəʳ fĕ´dher
s s subject ˈsʌbʤɪkt sŭ´bjĭkt
z z zeugma ˈzjuːgmə zū´gma
ʃ sh dash dæʃ dăsh
ʒ zh word-division ˈwɜːd-dɪvɪʒən we͡rd´-dĭvĭzhon
h h hypotaxis ˌhaɪpəˈtæksɪs hīpotă´ksĭs
m m monologue ˈmɒnəlɒg mŏ´nolŏg
n n noun naʊn nown
ŋ ng spelling ˈspelɪŋ spĕ´lĭng
l l letter ˈletəʳ lĕ´ter
r r rhotic ˈrəʊtɪk rō´tĭk
j y yod-dropping ˈjɒd-drɒpɪŋ yŏd´-drŏpĭng
w w quote kwəʊt kwōt

Vowels

IPA Ox Word IPA Ox
ē read riːd rēd
ɪ ĭ syntax ˈsɪntæks sĭ´ntăks
e ĕ text tekst tĕkst
æ ă grammar ˈgræməʳ gră´mer
ɑː ah ideograph ˈɪdɪəgrɑːf ĭ´dĭograhf
a͡r aide-mémoire ˌeɪd-ˌmemˈwɑːʳ ād-mĕmwa͡r´
ɒ ŏ cock kɒk kŏk
ɔː aw talk tɔːk tawk
o͡r corpus ˈkɔːpəs co͡r´pus
ʊ o͝o book bʊk bo͝ok
o͞o toot tuːt to͞ot
ʌ ŭ rubber ˈrʌbəʳ rŭ´ber
ɜː e͡r learn lɜːn le͡rn
ə a alphabet ˈælfəbet ă´lfabĕt
e literacy ˈlɪtərəsɪ lĭ´tera
i pencil ˈpensl pĕ´nsil
o colon ˈkəʊlən kō´lon
u circumflex ˈsɜːkəmfleks se͡r´kumflĕks
er author ˈɔːθəʳ aw´ther
ā paper ˈpeɪpəʳ pā´per
əʊ ō spoke spəʊk spōk
ī write raɪt rīt
ow umlaut ˈʊmlaʊt o͝o´mlawt
ɔɪ oi voiced vɔɪst voist
ɪə e͞r gazetteer ˌgæzəˈtɪəʳ găzete͞r´
a͞r swear sweəʳ swa͞r
ʊə oor plural ˈplʊərəl ploor´al

Remarks

In addition to the symbols shown above, the traditional system also employs special symbols for some compound sounds, viz, i͞r for īer (aɪə), owr for ower (aʊə), ū for yo͞o (juː) and u͞r for yoor (jʊə).

In the IPA system, r’s are only written r when pronounced, and linking r’s (r’s which are only pronounced immediately before a word starting with a vocalic sound) are indicated by the special symbol ʳ. For vowel symbols in -r in the traditional system, the r is mute in front of a consonant, trilled before a vowel and linking at the end of a word, whereas other r’s are always pronounced.

Sounds which share the same IPA symbol are usually indistinguishable.

Ad­ver­tise­ments

Contact

temp-o7yn@coq.no